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 COURSE 1A. OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

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PostSubject: COURSE 1A. OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY   Mon Aug 23, 2010 5:57 am

INTRO TO BIBLICAL STUDIES

Part I. Old Testament
(Overview)

There are 66 books of the bible. The first 39 of those books are what we call "The Old Testament".
Here is an overview of those books:
* = means that this is a highlight of the chapter...

The first 5 books of the bible are called the Torah, or the Pentateuch. These books describe the basis for the Hebrew faith. These books are-
Genesis/Exodus/Leviticus/Numbers/Deuteronomy

Genesis:

* Begins with creation There are seven days given in the creation account. Here is what happened on those days:
1. Heaven and Earth , Day and Night
2. The firmament was created to separate the waters above the firmament and below it.
3. The waters were gathered to one place and land appeared, plant life was created.
4. Sun, Moon, and Stars were created.
5. Fish and Foul were created.
6. Animals and man were created.
7. God rested...
* first man was created from dust (Genesis 2:21-25) and the breath of God gave him life. Eve was then created from a rib out of Adam's side.
* Adam and eve disobey and are cast out of the garden of Eden. They have two sons Cain and Able, Cain killed able out of Jealousy.
* Noah is commanded to build because God will destroy the earth and all in it with floods.
* Abraham is given a sevenfold promise from God. This will later become the covenant on which Christianity is based today. The seven promises are:
1. I will make you a great nation
2. I will bless you
3. I will make your name great
4. I will curse those who curse you
5. I will bless those who bless you
6. Through you the nations of the world will be blessed
7. You will be a blessing
*Abraham is commanded to sacrifice his son Isaac but the Lord stays his hand.
* Jacob births 12 sons, the eleventh of which is Joseph who becomes governor of Egypt.
* Jacob is named Israel and his twelve sons become the 12 tribes of Israel.

Exodus/Leviticus/Numbers/Deuteronomy:

* Moses through God delivers 10 plagues upon Egypt and delivers the nation of Israel from bondage. The 10 plagues are:
1. Water turned to blood
2. Frogs
3. Lice
4. Flies
5. Cattle Disease
6. Boils
7. Hail with fire
8. Locusts
9. Three days of darkness
10. Death of all 1st born
* They flee through the Red Sea which Moses parts for the Israelite s to cross.
* The nation of Israel wanders the desert for 40 years before being given the promise land.
* The Israelite s are given the 10 commandments and are repeatedly judged by God.
* Laws were given for the survival , health, and morality.

Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther:

* Describes the history of how Israel conquered the promise land.
* The Hebrews organize into a nation and ask God to let themselves be led by judges.
* Deborah, the only women judge, with Barak went to war and conquered.
* Gideon was known for putting out the fleece before God to determine his will for him.
* Samson partaker of the Nazarine vow, was the strongest man in the country and lost his strength when Delilah tricked him into given him his secrets.
* Ruths story is a great story of God's provision.
* 1 Samuel- king Saul is anointed King, then David is.
* 2 Samuel- King David reigns and suffers for his sins.
* 1 Kings- King Solomon reigns and the Kingdom is divided into North and South.
* 2 kings- The story of the divided kingdoms during the time of Elijah and Elisha.
* Ezra- Hebrews return from Babylon exile and rebuild the temple.
* Nehemiah- More Hebrews return from Babylon and rebuild Jerusalem's wall.
* Ester- Won a beauty contest and became the queen of Persia. The story happens while the Hebrews were in Babylonian captivity.

Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon:

* Job endured illness, poverty, loss of children, loss of possessions. He still remained firm in the faith of God.
* The book of Psalms is sometimes referred to as the book of praises. Some psalms are about God , others are addressed to God.
* The book of Proverbs is a collection of wisdom. It covers many topics which include having friends, money management, working for a living , and more.
* Ecclesiastes shows how a man as powerful as Solomon , who had everything, realizes that he has nothing without God.
* Song of Solomon expresses, essentially, a love story.

Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel:

* Isaiah is a book of prophecy, The first 38 chapters are about judgment, the remaining chapters seem to address Jesus' appearance in the New Testament.
* Jeremiah preached about Israels's decline as a nation as she turned away from God, and the reprecussions of disobeying him.
* Lamentations is a book of sadness at Israel's disobedience to God, and being separated from their land once again.
* Ezekiel is a colorful book of prophecy covering judgment, condemnation, visions of heaven, and hope hope while the Israelite s where again being exiled.
* Daniel was an interpreter of dreams whos friends were thrown into a furnace for not bowing to an idol. The three came out of the furnace unscathed.
* A decree was made that no could pray to God for 30 days, yet Daniel did. He was thrown into a cave with hungry lions and they did not touch him.
* The part of the book of Daniel is made up of Daniel's prophecies. Many of the prophecies have been fulfilled already, but some refer to the same time period that is in the book of Revelation.

Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi:

* The book of Hosea shows the prophecy of God's last attempt to call the Israel nation to repentance for their wickedness.
* The book of Joel told of devastation, repentance, restoration, and the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.
* The book of Amos told how Israel's prosperity only deepened her corruption. Amos was expelled from Beth-el and told not to prophecy there again. Israel's destruction occurred 30 years later.
* The book of Obadiah revealed God's anger at Edom for rejoicing in Israel's suffering and Edom's coming judgment.
* Jonah was told to go to Nineveh and preach, yet he did not. He was swallowed by a great fish and cast out whole once he submitted to his duties given by God. Nineveh accepted the grace of God and repented.
* Micah tried to warn of the certain divine judgment, and the same judgment would come to Judah and Jerusalem, due to sin and rebellion.
* Nahum foretold the impending destruction of Nineveh what had turned back to her evil ways.
* Habakkuk assured fellow believers that God would deal with all wickedness at the appointed time : God's time. Habakkuk expressed faith in God's sovereignty and the certainty that God would destroy Babylon.
* Zephaniah warned Judah and Jerusalem of the impending judgments of God. All nations will be held accountable to God.
* Haggai was written after Israel's exile in Babylon and mobilized the people to rebuild the temple, and commit their lives back to God.
* Zechariah encouraged the people to finish the temple and foretold many Messianic prophecies. Only the Isaiah contains more prophesies about the messiah.
* Malachi addressed the spiritual decline and doubt of God's promises.


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